The project workpackages are structured to facilitate gradual knowledge sharing and cooperation between regions, and involve all partners as knowledge providers, instructors and reviewers across CapSEM activities.

The Environmental Management & Sustainability knowledge itself is organized in a stepwise progression through four levels:



  • Transition across Process and Product: Cleaner Production

Level 1: Process change/ improvement: I/O Input/output analysis, MFA Material Flow Analysis.

Quantitative results from I/O-analyses will help to set specific targets related to resource use, energy, water consumption, emissions and waste.

  •     Transition across Process (L1) and Product (L2): Cleaner Production

Level 2: Product/value chain change/ improvement: LCA Lifecycle Assessment (LCA), Supply Chain management (SCM),  Carbon/Water footprint (C/WFP), Environmental Product Declaration (EPD), Design for Environment (DfE).

Similar to Level 1, quantitative information will contribute to an understanding of how to shift to more sustainable material and design of products.

Level 3: Organizational change/improvement: Environmental Management Systems (EMS), Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE), Key Performance Indicators (KPI), Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), Lifecyle Management (LCM ), Sustainable Business Models (SBMs).

Through these mechanisms, a company will become aware of their sustainability performance, and will learn how to present it according to international standards & systems.

  • Across organizations (L3) and Systems (L4): Industrial Symbiosis (IS),  Circular Economy (CE)

Level 4: System change/ improvement: Industrial Ecology (IE), Systems engineering (SE), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

Level 4 relates to the incorporation of stakeholders into a company’s strategies – a necessary step for sustainable & inclusive growth, as one of the greatest challenges in introducing environmental solutions lies in acceptance by local stakeholders. Apart from technical aspects, a contextualized understanding of cultural settings is vital for the planning, design & operation of systems.